On raising children outside of the classroom structure
"In each of us, there is a young, suffering child. We have all had times of difficulty as children and many of us have experienced trauma. To protect and defend ourselves against future suffering, we often try to forget those painful times. Every time we’re in touch with the experience of suffering, we believe we can’t bear it, and we stuff our feelings and memories deep down in our unconscious mind. It may be that we haven’t dared to face this child for many decades."
"Keith, his wife Sinead (we’ve changed the names at their request) and their seven children are living between the converted shed and the “big house” as they call it."
Cromwell sent many Irish to Jamaica in the 1600s. The emigration continued for more than 200 years... "It was thought that the Irish would have a better chance of survival if they were introduced to the climate at a young age. Cromwell then sent 2,000 children between the age of 10 and 14 years."
Translation: Whats the story
Lives in Direct Provision Ireland
Translation: Syrians cook for locals as part of Sligo Global Kitchen event
Article about 'risky play'.... "Ms Higginbottom said the centre's philosophy of encouraging risky play was based on six principles researched by Norwegian Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter. It encourages children to: 1. Play at great height 2. Play at high speeds 3. Play with dangerous tools 4. Play near dangerous elements like fire and water 5. Engage in rough and tumble play 6. Experience getting lost and not being watched by adults."
Translation: Migrant Mother's and Lullabies
A Radio 4 Women's Hour report (at 11 mins in) about a project by Praxis, working with refugee women (including those who are 'illegal' or unreported) creating lullabies for their children, set to music and sung by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
Milo Rau, an artist who do not hesitate to take risk. Five Easy Pieces is a theater play in which the director casted children to play the role of Marc Dutroux, a Belgian child raper and murderer, as well as the role of his victims and of a policeman. In this interview, the director also directly addresses the theme of children (over)protection, since they had to protect the (children) actors about the very dark sides of this case.
"There’s never been a safer time to be a child in Canada. The likelihood of dying from an injury is 0.0059 per cent. Car crashes and suicides are the leading causes of death, not play. In fact, children are more likely to need medical attention for an injury resulting from organized sports than play. Likewise, the likelihood of abduction by a stranger is so small that the statistics are not even collected. In an attempt to strike a balance, injury prevention professionals are moving to an approach that seeks to keep children as safe as necessary, rather than as safe as possible."
Newspaper article unfavourably comparing Dutch parenting technique with Irish parenting style
How fear of the outdoors is becoming generational...
Location: Canada. A father describes how he clashed with local authorities over allowing his children travel on public transport alone. He is bringing them to court. Although there is a gofundme pop up I think the content is interesting, how ''helicopter parenting' appears to be becoming institutionalised.
A list of children's books composed by Our Queer Stories each focussing on or featuring queer themes.
"This is a significant decline in the amount of outdoor play over the past four decades. Anytime you change a child’s daily environment that drastically, you are bound to affect child development. Children’s decreased tolerance to getting dirty is just one side effect of less outdoor play for children."
Film - Raised Without Gender "With recent victories for the trans rights movement and more young people defining as something other than "male" or "female" than ever before, VICE host Amelia Abraham goes to Sweden - the world's most forward thinking country when it comes to questioning gender - to find out what it's like..."
Experiment on how adults play with children differently according to their gender.
A production exploring the over-protected child by Likely Story. "What happens when we wrap children in cotton wool and don't let them explore their own limitations? Where do children safely explore risk-taking in a risk averse society? Risk and adventure is slowly being designed out of children's lives. Can we use our theatre practice to design it back in. We have created a show where risk, decision-making, creativity and adventure are at children’s fingertips. A show that gives young people true agency."
Do children today live in environments that are too safe? What does having some level of risk mean for the development of the child? Have we become so risk-averse that children are now developing problems because of a risk-free environment? If so, what can we do, and what risks are "good risks"?
In his humorous and uplifting style, Gever Tulley debunks classic myths of childhood safety. With rampant fear mongering, is it any wonder that children are actually over-protected? Instead, Tulley believes the most effective way to keep children safe is to give them a little taste of danger.
Translation: Why our children play less and less (and we are at home with a burn-out)
Article from The Netherlands: parents do work harder than ever, politcians are mainly concerned about facts and figures, schools are interested in tests and results. In the meantime children lose a lot: playing! Artikel over onderzoek in Nederland: kinderen krijgen steeds minder tijd en ruimte om vrij te spelen. Ouders werken harder dan ooit, politici maken zich druk over ranglijstjes, en scholen zijn gefocust op toetsen en resultaten. Ondertussen gaat er iets heel waardevols verloren.
In this conceptual paper, part of a PhD research, we explore the image adults may have on children who engage physical risk in their play, discussing concepts of vulnerability and resilience. We do this against the background of the United Nations ‘right to play’ as children have less opportunities to experience challenging activities in a safety orientated society with overprotecting parents and caregivers around them. Drawing on the work of Korczak, Rousseau and Dewey we present a humanistic educational view on children that recognizes their strength including the role adults can have on supporting instead of weakening this. In orientating on the notion of risk and how adults construct and perceive this we show that an individual and pedagogical sensitive approach towards children can increase outdoor challenge and reinforce children’s abilities. The concept of social ecology of resilience (Ungar, 2011) is valuable in connecting this to the benefits of risk that has to be experienced in play practice which lead to positive evaluations of children’s adapting and developing skills. Increasing insight in children’s risk assessment skills and their resilience revealing itself in play can have impact on adult perception and their relationship with, and trust in children
This paper is about the role and attitudes of professionals on engaging risk in children’s play. Previous research shows there are several elements on risk-taking influencing the attitudes of educators: legal obligations (Hundmeyer & Prott, 2005), relationship with parents (New et al.,2005) and teachers’ beliefs about (non)benefits of risky play (Little et al, 2012). The theoretical framework of this review draws upon theories of benefits in childhood development of risky play (Stephenson, 2003; Tovey, 2007) and its elements (Stephenson, 2003; Sandseter, 2010), as well as notions about pedagogical relations of educators to children in their risk-taking play (Smith, 1998). In a narrative review we combined existing literature with professional experience on the diminishing possibilities of engaging risk by children in their play and the role and influence of the pedagogues surrounding them. Ethical consideration has been given as the demands of a narrative review are met in critically interpreting results of an extensive literature search into new value-added content complemented with personal experience of the researchers conform the requirements of ethical and integer science. Pedagogical educators have a dual responsibility taking care for a safe play environment and stimulating children’s development to independence capable of dealing with risk and challenge in their play, causing dilemma’s in their daily work and in relationship with parents. To develop children’s risk competence a 'balanced approach' appealing to the educators pedagogical sensitivity is suggested. This paper contributes to the practice of professionalism in early childhood education and can give focus on further research.
The possibilities of engaging outdoors risk in play in structured environments like childcare or schools are limited, due to a narrow focus on children’s safety instead of developmental benefits of challenging activities (Brussoni et al., 2015). Professionals willing to involve children in more risk-taking play are confronted with five barriers: cultural expectations, regulatory frameworks, parental beliefs and, on an individual level, personalized characteristics and their constructs of children (Van Rooijen & Newstead, 2016). To investigate how these five barriers influence professional practices, we will conduct a study using the approach of Realistic Evaluation (Pawson & Tilley, 1997). Realistic evaluation (RE) aims at finding an answer to the question ‘What works, how, in which circumstances and for whom?’. This method is therefore specifically suitable for studying social worlds, attitudes and effects in particular contexts. RE starts with formulating a middle-range theory based on existing theories, past evaluations and previous experience which provides an appropriate program for the specific setting. In analyzing the change ‘mechanism’ in the program more can be learned about participant’s reasoning and the working of appointed resources. In five different childcare settings the researcher will conduct a trajectory in collaboration with the professional teams. This study has three goals: a better understanding of the mechanisms behind the influencing factors in daily childcare situations, to grow professional awareness for potential barriers and in doing so to change attitudes and enhance possibilities for outdoor risky experiences of children in structured environments. In this session I want to discuss the study-design giving due notice to methodological issues as well as ethical considerations on intervening in children’s play environment. By examining barriers and how they inﬂuence individual practitioners in their speciﬁc context, more can be learnt about how to facilitate professional practice in enabling children taking appropriate risks in their play.
One of the questions I always had to answer when presenting this theme in festivals, encounters and meetings, was: what about child abduction? This theme, researching the re-introduction and benefit of risk in growing up, is not about child abduction. It is about acceptable risk in play, risk that a child offers nothing but positive benefits for it's growing up. But the LAB should, and of course will, also question that line when it gets unacceptable. This video illustrates that in an impressive way. (G. Verfaillie, Krokusfestival)
Translation: The pampergeneration: spoiled, cherished and hence bad luck
Internegerative approach of how and why parents seem to pamper their children too much, protecting them to the limit and what rseults that effects on the children themselves.
It was like this once, let's install it again, the risk in play
A must see film (but first watch part 1)
A must-see film (as as with part 2)
Risky outdoor play has been associated with promoting children’s health and development, but also with injury and death. Risky outdoor play has diminished over time, concurrent with increasing concerns regarding child safety and emphasis on injury prevention. We sought to conduct a systematic review to examine the relationship between risky outdoor play and health in children, in order to inform the debate regarding its benefits and harms. We identified and evaluated 21 relevant papers for quality using the GRADE framework. Included articles addressed the effect on health indicators and behaviours from three types of risky play, as well as risky play supportive environments. The systematic review revealed overall positive effects of risky outdoor play on a variety of health indicators and behaviours, most commonly physical activity, but also social health and behaviours, injuries, and aggression. The review indicated the need for additional “good quality” studies; however, we note that even in the face of the generally exclusionary systematic review process, our findings support the promotion of risky outdoor play for healthy child development. These positive results with the marked reduction in risky outdoor play opportunities in recent generations indicate the need to encourage action to support children’s risky outdoor play opportunities. Policy and practice precedents and recommendations for action are discussed.
In the past 50 years, a marked reduction has occurred in European and North American children's freedom of movement and outdoor play. Using a structural equation model, the present study investigates the interaction between personal, environmental, and psychosocial factors that affect children's independent mobility. The study involved 313 mothers of 8–10-year-old Italian children. The results supported the hypothesized model: the age of the child, the maternal perception of social danger, and positive potentiality of outdoor autonomy were the most influential variables on children's independent mobility, measured as an index. Further, the maternal perceptions mediated the influence of the other demographic, psychosocial, and environmental variables on independent mobility.
In this thesis for PhD at he Norwegian University of Trondheim, Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter examines risky play at early ages. It is academic, but highly interesting: Risky play seems to be a natural part of children‟s play and action, and children seek out chances for engaging in challenging and thrilling play wherever they are. During the last few centuries this has brought on a discussion about children‟s safety in their play environments. As a result of this discussion, many countries have enacted laws and regulations concerning children‟s play and play environment. These constraints on children‟s freedom to play have now been criticized by several researchers as a sad result of the safety-obsession in today's western societies that in the end results in less physically fit children with low motor control and low risk mastery.
Translation: The biggest risk is to avoid all risks
Interview with Helen Tovey, teacher 'early childhood studies' in London. She published 'Playing outdoors, spaces and places' and 'Let them play outdoors, a plea for healthy risks'. In this text she describes how she wants playgrounds, both public and in schools, to be drastically changed.
Translation: We are more busy with our children than in the 60ies
interview with Flemish pedagogist Pedro de Bruyckere on education of children, both by parents and teachers, with a strong focus on autonomy instead of (over)protection.
Translation: Risky playing, theory and practice
Presentation by pedagogist Martin Vanrooijen at a symposium. Very handy overall view on theoretical models and practical case studies.
Translation: Risky playing and parents
a scientific pedagogical research at the Utrecht University (The Netherlands) by Martin Vanrooijen (2013). He does research into the value of risky playing by children and into the little possibilities there are for them to do that: the fear of parents, the lack of social control, the strictness of the educational system. This text is a mix of theory and a very practical case study in Utrecht.
Translation: How We Make Black Girls Grow Up Too Fast
"New research corroborates what black women have long known: People across gender and race see black girls as more adultlike than their white peers."
Daniel Handler, the author of the forthcoming novel “All the Dirty Parts,” has written many children’s books under the pen name Lemony Snicket: "I write books for children under the pen name Lemony Snicket, and I’ve noticed that when I go to Lemony Snicket events, the crowds are about evenly split between boys and girls. But I also write young adult books, and if more than one boy shows up at one of my teen book club events, it’s notable, if not a miracle. Something happens once a young man hits puberty."
Translation: From the age of 6, girls believe that boys are smarter
Wanneer je kinderen vraagt wie er "heel, heel slim" is zie je tot 5-jarige leeftijd nog geen verschil: jongens en meisjes kozen steevast voor hun eigen gender. Maar vanaf 6-jarige leeftijd verandert dat. Dat schrijft The Financial Times.
Translation: The SIRE-campagne about boys? Listen to this nuanced story
Jongens moeten jongens kunnen zijn, zegt SIRE in een deze week gelanceerde campagne. Maar meisjes worden óók niet genoeg op waarde geschat. Om daar verandering in te brengen: het genuanceerde verhaal van hersenwetenschapper Jelle Jolles.
Article about the unfunded, big belief of our era: That our kids are in constant danger, and nowadays more than before. It’s an erroneous idea that is crippling our children and enslaving us parents. This article makes the apology of unsupervised free-play and gives examples of cases of parents in the US investigated by the authorities because they let their kids free-play.
A New York Times article asking 'Why do we limit the emotional vocabulary of boys?'
From May 2017 Hester Chillingworth is LADA’s new Thinker-in-Residence, with a focus on Young People, Gender & Live Art.
Article about one Woman's use of community and the arts to assist her while living in Direct Provision in Ireland.
Refugee Children have written a book of Fairytales. Two workers working with Refugee children in Greece have worked with the children to create a book of Fairytales.
An eye-popping documentary series, fronted by a charismatic YouTuber, which delves into modern queer life in the UK. Over six episodes, Khalaf, an articulate, personable inquisitor with a real gift for putting his subjects at ease, goes to interview those who feel pushed to the margins of this apparently accepting community.
The Adam World Choir is a digital community of transgender and non-binary people all over the world. From an album of original music to a night of international performance, members of The Adam World Choir have come together in many different ways. The Adam World Choir is part of the National Theatre of Scotland’s 2017 production of Adam, a bold exploration of the experience of a young transgender refugee. For the production of Adam, The Adam World Choir will sing together as a mass video choir.
Translation: THE TRAUMA OF FACING DEPORTATION
In Sweden, hundreds of refugee children have fallen unconscious after being informed that their families will be expelled from the country.
"But when they continue to question her gender identity - and are skeptical of her response - the message they send is that a girl cannot look and act like her and still be a girl."
Children's books that deal with the topic of refugees in an age appropriate manner.
An article about literature for children who don't fit into stereotype gender roles. "... these characters and narratives can shine a light into the corners of possibility for children searching for signs that they are not alone in their otherness."
One hundred years ago, people had a very different idea of what it means to be heterosexual. Understanding that shift in thinking can tell us a lot about fluid sexual identities today. “Prior to 1868, there were no heterosexuals,” writes Blank. Neither were there homosexuals. It hadn’t yet occurred to humans that they might be “differentiated from one another by the kinds of love or sexual desire they experienced.”
Translation: Reception Conditions
Comparisons of conditions for asylum seekers in European countries
Translation: What if students would give sexual education
Flemish students from three different schools boycotted the official sexual education week by giving the classes themselves.
An article about Disney's first attempt to include a gay scene in one of its films. “We must see the film industry as a whole become more diverse, which means actively hiring more writers, directors and producers whose lived experiences represent all communities.”
A photo project showing boys who break the gender norms. "The photographic series #aboycantoo features boys aged 4 to 16 in in studio and lifestyle portraits. Each installment celebrates the choices to pursue activities society has often attributed to the female gender." #aboycantoo
Ireland's foremost "gender discombobulist", Panti, shares her experience of the little, everyday things that can have a huge impact on the wellbeing of gay people. Panti expresses her thoughts on navigating a world in which the simple act of holding hands can be a political statement in itself.
Translation: The lamb that is a pig
First Flemish book for pre-school that deals with identity transformation, a story about a lamb who wants to be a pig.
A film in English from a Danish TV company about what we all have in common: 'We live in a time where we quickly put people in boxes. Maybe we have more in common than what we think? Introducing All That We Share.'
An interview with Cordelia Fine, Australian neuroscientist and author of the best-selling book “Delusions of Gender”. In her book she takes a critical look at the science behind the popular claims that boys and girls are “hard-wired” differently, and finds it severely lacking.
A paper from the Scottish Journal of Performance exploring queer performance practice and production
Selections of books for children to help them explore the issue of migration.
A short film made by young people who take part in Creation Station (at Platform, Glasgow) for the Gender Lab artists.
Guardian article (UK) about the rise in children seeking counselling about gender dysphoria and transgender issues.
Xander's video (produced with Trans Youth Glasgow) about his 5 months on hormone treatment. See more at www.allabouttrans.org.uk
How different are clothes for boys and girls......? "This got me thinking about symbolism and gender in a brand new way. We know that our culture expects women and femmes to do the vast majority of emotional labor. What I realized on that day is that clothing intended for little girls is often covered with symbolism promoting that very labor."
Because critique equals feedback: this article questions certain gender workshops given by feminist organisations in UK schools and describes them as too ideological and harmful for young boys.
Resources for talking about gender with schools including links to information for teachers and for parents. Let Toys be Toys is a campaign to stop today's and books limiting children by sticking to gender stereotypes.
Study highlights how children as young as six can be influenced by stereotypes such as the idea that brilliance or giftedness is more common in men
Link to IETM report which "highlights key areas where cultural interventions lead to tangible benefits, and emphasises the importance of a further tier of cultural projects that do not simply engage newcomers, refugees and migrants, but foster interaction and dialogue with wider European society."
A TEDx talk by Jay Stewart on the philosophy of gender. "Equality is not just between women and men, gay and straight, or trans and cis. It's not even about choice versus biology. Jay presents a whirlwind tour of the philosophy of gender with one core theme: a gender is not what you are - it is what you do."
Gendered Intelligence are an organisation in the UK who: Our mission is to increase understandings of gender diversity through creative ways. Our vision is of a world where people are no longer constrained by narrow perceptions and expectations of gender, and where diverse gender expressions are visible and valued. We work with the trans community and those who impact on trans lives; we particularly specialise in supporting young trans people aged 8-25. They have a page of useful resources for young people - http://genderedintelligence.co.uk/support/trans-youth/resources
Translation: Rainbow Theatre
An educational project on gender differences: theatre and dance shows for children and families, workshops for teachers, educational credits for University students. The website is in Italian so to find out more contact: Daniele Del Pozzo artistic director +39 347 3227152 firstname.lastname@example.org
A mother talks about her daughter's love of climbing, running, swinging on gates.....and the sometimes negative responses from the public. "We should want for all our children the kind of sure-footedness that only repeated explorations of varied terrains can provide. Interfering with risk-taking mammalian play imperils our young by undermining their confidence. It also disrupts their development. I have to keep myself from shouting, “Leave them alone! Let them play!”"
Discussion about a new book called Can I Tell You About Gender Diversity? (by author CJ Atkinson) which is being introduced into some primary schools in the UK as a resource for children, parents and teachers, and claims to be the first book to explain “medical transitioning” to children as young as seven. It will be published in late January 2017 with angry responses from the usual places.....
Article about generation 'snowflake' and how young people are dealing with strong differing opinions....
A short extract from Women's Hour on Radio 4 with Grayson Perry talking to teenage boys about masculinity.
Artist Lenka Clayton did a residency in motherhood. As part of her residency she made a series of videos documenting the distance she felt she could be from her son.
Translation: Kids, refugees, questions
A video in which British children and child refugees ask and answer questions about the refugee crisis.....
Recent report shows that Scotland's young people are among the least active in the world, despite new measures and initiatives.
Translation: Festival of the Explicit
A festival in Montpelier exploring gender and sexual identity
Tessa is a campaigner for Let Toys be Toys, here she talks about their campaign and why gendered products and marketing should end.
Palestinian artist Mahmoud Hourani's silent play aims to discover why refugees are risking everything to reach Europe.
European Union governments’ policy responses to migration undermine refugee protection and human rights and diminish the EU’s moral standing, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.
They lived in Norway for over four years. The government said that these children should be moved backward in return queue. In 2014 they were still picked up by police and sent out of the country. Minister of Justice Anders Anundsen apologized to Parliament that the police had been misinformed about which children and families should be first in the return queue. He did not mention that he himself had received detailed statistics every month that showed children who were sent out.
A podcast on the situation for LGBT refugees in Norway. - Anyone seeking asylum on the basis of LGBTI are faced with a demand from the Norwegian authorities that they must reflect carefully around their sexual identity. Who they are and who they will be. Many are connecting LGBTI with shame and stigma, and do not always want to explain the reason when they seek asylum. When they are rejected by the UDI, and information about their identity appears in the complaint to UNE, they are not believed, says Kaja Glenne Lund.
Article (and photographs) outlining a project where children who had travelled as refugees recreated images from their real life stories on theatre sets for a photo journalism project.
Article - including a number of video interviews with children - exploring the experience for asylum seekers living in the ‘Direct Provision’ system in Ireland which is the system used while processing asylum seekers claims for refugee status.
Story of the ‘Good Chance Theatre’ in the Jungle camp in Calais. How it came about, who supported it, why it was needed.
Translation: Children's gender identity: We need psychologists who help people to explore gender diversity
It is problematic that psychologists legitimizes outdated ideas about sexual identity. There is reason to believe that more children had both challenged several gender norms and unfolded more, if society was more open to multiple gender identities.
An Independent.ie article exploring gender dysphoria with a focus on the parents and the impact on families.
Article looking at the theatre show ‘Aunty Ben’ by Super Paua which addresses the topic of drag queens and difference for young audiences. "THE domestic life of drag queens is being explored in a new show for children aged 7-13 that hopes to celebrate difference and promote tolerance in pre-teens before the rot of homophobic and transphobic ideas take root."
The impact of gender stereotyping on children. “…research showing children as young as six have a stronger association between ‘maths’ and ‘boys’ than ‘maths’ and ‘girls’.”
An article about the ‘BBC’s report into the Tavistock Centre – the country’s only NHS facility for transgender children.’
Mary discusses the challenges for parents around gender equality and the impact of gender on children from the moment they are born. “The report concluded: "It is clear from the findings of this report that parents and caregivers in Scotland want to see a more mainstreamed approach to challenging gender stereotyping in the early years.”
This article discusses the transphobic bullying of children in schools and particular issues around using the toilet. “…Ashton Whitaker, a high school student, is suing his school district because students refer to him by his previous name and won’t let him use the boys’ toilets. He, as other trans kids have also reported, has taken the potentially dangerous step of reducing the amount he drinks in order to minimise the chance that he would need to use the bathroom while at school, causing him to have migraine headaches and even faint.”
Translation: “Cottonball” kids might get anxiety disorders
Over protective parents can be a contributing cause of anxiety in children, says Ellen Beate Sandseter. Sandseter is a college lecturer in physical education and doctoral candidate in psychology at Queen Maud Institute in Trondheim, Norway. She is delivering doctoral about how children experience risky play.
Exploration of the cultural difference that allows young children in japan more independence and freedom than their European or American counterparts.
That’s what childhood should be about: getting outdoors and going on adventures, using your imagination to customise the world you see and feeding that appetite for fresh air and fun.
Article looking at the changes in parenting and restrictions on freedom for children away from parents or guardians in recreation time and how this has changed over the years.